Wan Lik Hang

China news 12th October 2020

A disparate miscellany of stories this week – public life, graduate life, Chinese medicine and reforms needed in Hong Kong.   First, we hear about a major clampdown on alcohol for public officials.  This would not go down well in many democratic countries we think!

Many places have ordered that public officials cannot drink alcohol during or after work

Recently, Qingcheng County, Gansu Province issued “Regulations on Prohibition of Drinking Alcohol by Public Officials.  The “Prohibition Order” clearly stipulates that all official activities in the county are forbidden to provide any alcohol.   The “Prohibition Order” also stipulates that public officials are prohibited from drinking alcohol regardless of whether they are on duty, on holiday, on duty, or outside of eight hours on a working day.

On June 12 this year, the Nanyang Municipal Commission and the Nanjing Municipal Public Security Bureau issued the “prohibition order” among the police officers on duty:

Except for special circumstances and report to relevant departments for approval, drinking alcohol is strictly prohibited on weekdays.

by Quentin Dr 

In April this year, Menyuan County, Qinghai Province, issued a “Notice on Prohibition and Control of Alcohol for Party Members, Cadres and Public Officials in the County” to fully implement the prohibition and control of alcohol on official business.  The “Notice” requires that it is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol during working days for any reason.

Huanxian County, Gansu Province: Drinking is prohibited outside eight hours on weekdays.  Public officials are prohibited from drinking alcohol regardless of whether they are on duty, on holiday, on duty, or outside eight hours of working days. 

Source: news.ifeng.com.

Second is the amazing continuing story of the vast numbers of Chinese graduates who must find jobs against the background of COVID-19.  The local and national authorities are determined they will do so.  Has the employment of 8.74 million people been resolved in the special employment season?  Observation of the employment situation of college graduates in 2020

Employment of college graduates is the top priority of stabilizing employment.  This year, the number of college graduates across the country reached 8.74 million.  What measures have localities and departments taken to promote employment? 

This year, party and government agencies, public institutions, state-owned enterprises, college student recruitment, scientific research assistants, grassroots projects, community governance and other aspects have opened up more policy-oriented positions for 2020 college graduates.

Wang Hui, Director of the Department of College Students, Ministry of Education 

This year, the Ministry of Education has expanded the recruitment primary and secondary school teachers and kindergarten teachers.  It has introduced an important measure of ‘first employment, then verification’. 

At the same time, various universities and colleges have also introduced policies and measures to ensure and promote the employment of graduates in accordance with local conditions. Taking Hubei as an example, there are 449,000 college graduates in Hubei in 2020. As of the beginning of September, the employment of Hubei universities and Hubei graduates remained stable overall.

by Francesco Bruno

The Ministry of Education and 9 major social recruitment agencies jointly launched the “24365 Campus Network Recruitment Service”, which has provided 15.22 million job information, 6.69 million registered graduates, and 37.36 million resumes.  The “Internet + Employment Guidance” live courses have launched 23 live courses centered on topics such as employment situation analysis, career development guidance, college student recruitment, innovation and entrepreneurship, and job-hunting psychological adjustment. The “National Online Signing Platform for College Graduates” has promoted nearly 900 colleges and universities in 11 provinces to carry out online signing work. This year, 645,000 graduates have completed online signings.

We put the employment of graduates from poor families with file registration as our top priority. 

The Ministry of Education organized the “Special Recruitment Event for Poor Graduates”, directly providing nearly 200,000 jobs and sending more than 280,000 job information to the mobile phones of poor students.  As of September 1, the initial employment rate of college graduates from poor families in Guangxi has reached 87%.

Source: edu.ifeng.com.

The State Council issued a document: Include Chinese medicine courses in the compulsory courses of clinical medicine.  This blog will have more about Chinese Medicine in future posts.

On September 23, The General Office of the State Council recently issued the “Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Innovative Development of Medical Education”.  Include Chinese medicine courses as compulsory courses for clinical medicine majors

In terms of inheritance, innovation and development of Chinese medicine education, strengthen the dominant position of the Chinese medicine profession in Chinese medicine colleges and universities, and concentrate advantageous resources to expand and strengthen the backbone of Chinese medicine. 

A nine-year integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine education will be carried out on a pilot basis to cultivate small, sophisticated, high-level and high-level integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine talents; explore the cultivation of multidisciplinary and innovative Chinese medicine talents.

The “Opinions” require universities to incorporate the teaching and scientific research construction of affiliated hospitals into the overall school development plan, scientifically plan the number of affiliated hospitals to prevent blindly adding affiliated hospitals; strengthen the main function of clinical teaching in affiliated hospitals, and increase the funding for the teaching work of affiliated hospitals Invest.

The general college graduates who are recruited for the society are eligible for training and employed in medical and health institutions in the current year. In terms of recruitment, dispatch, settlement, etc., they are treated the same as the current graduates. Qualified undergraduate clinicians who have undergone residency training are treated the same as postgraduates with a master’s degree in clinical medicine and traditional Chinese medicine in terms of personnel recruitment, title promotion, job hiring, and salary.

by Bundo Kim

In addition, the “Opinions” also made it clear to promote the innovative development of continuing medical education. Medical ethics, laws and regulations, emergency and critical care, infection and self-protection, infectious disease prevention and control, health education and other public health knowledge and skills are compulsory courses for medical staff. Vigorously develop distance education and improve the distance continuing medical education network. Incorporate the medical staff’s continuing medical education into the necessary content of their annual performance appraisal. In the evaluation of professional titles of health professionals, we emphasized morality, ability, and performance orientation, emphasized clinical practice and other professional work capabilities, and eliminated the tendency of only papers.

Source: edu.ifeng.com.

Initiate social reform and eliminate youth grievances in Hong Kong.  The violent riots in Hong Kong were appalling and unwarranted.  But the City’s youth have always had legitimate grievances.  These still need addressing.

The Hong Kong demonstrations have caused unprecedented pain in society.  Different people’s evaluations of young people who participated in the front-line struggles are also different: some people say that they should “give up young people”; but some people do not agree to give up. Former President of Chinese University Joseph Sung recently praised them for their creativity and vitality on a radio program. To abandon them is to abandon the future. Professor Sung did not elaborate his views in depth, but he might be a starting point to discuss what we should do to control our own future and be responsible to the next generation of Hong Kong.

From the history of the May 4th Movement in China and the June 8th Movement in the West, youth groups have the greatest energy and are the most able to express their own aspirations. The unique passion of youth will inevitably appear in the process. The anti-revision demonstrations in Hong Kong are the same. No one will deny that anxiety and dissatisfaction are spreading among young people. Depending on the position of the critics, the anti-revision demonstrations may be heroic or reprimanded as “riots,” while the participants are “thugs” and “waste youths.” Frankly speaking, these are labels that are easy to pick up and are emotional, and they are not necessarily helpful in solving the so-called “youth problem.”

Youth has all kinds of demands, both political and socioeconomic. To solve them satisfactorily, wisdom and skill are needed. The political demands include universal suffrage, which must be achieved in accordance with the principle of “one country, two rules.” However, in view of the emergence of contradictions between the Mainland and Hong Kong in recent years, it can be said that it is difficult to straighten out the contradictions, especially in the current populist turmoil.

In fact, there is no way to get rid of populism. The key is to correct the disorder at the socio-economic level. This generation of youths in Hong Kong no longer enjoys the opportunities brought about by economic take-off like the previous generation or two. Once they graduate, they first must bear a large amount of school debt, and then they can only find a job in a labour market with a unique economic structure and few choices. Even if they find a job, most of their income is squeezed by rent or contributions. Under such circumstances, it is difficult for young people not to feel depressed.

by Kon Karampelas

Professor Sung pointed out that there are young people who consider themselves without a future because they cannot afford to buy a home. This is indeed the thinking of many young people. But to solve this need, the way out should not be to buy a home for many years, but to change the old concept of the supremacy of home ownership. The government should build public housing for young people in order to reduce their living costs. The government should also forgive students’ debts and help youths who have just left the campus to go lightly.

If the government continues to ignore the problems faced by young people, it will be difficult to let their creativity and vitality come into play. Imagine if a 30-year-old young man wants to start a small business, he may not have the financial resources to rent shops and hire employees, but if housing and school debt are not a problem, there will be much more room for small business. If young people have the sustenance of their careers, they will become stakeholders in maintaining social stability, and populist trends will lose their soil. With this as the basis, it will not be a problem to restart the political reform in accordance with the “one country, two systems” principle. In fact, universal suffrage is promised by the Basic Law and many citizens have been fighting for it.

But for all this to happen, the key lies in whether the government is willing to initiate reforms. From the end of the British Hong Kong government to the 23 years of its reunification, Hong Kong’s problems have continued to accumulate, which is entirely because the politicians are not enterprising. The “thugs” and “waste youths” were not created for no reason. They are the products of government inaction. Therefore, instead of condemning youth, it is better to condemn the Hong Kong Government. I hope that young people in the future do not need to use their creativity and vitality to make petrol bombs, but to pursue their ideals and develop their personal interests.

Source: hk01.com.

Hong Kong suffering from talent shortage.  Is Belt and Road the answer?

In recent years, the quality and quantity of talent in Hong Kong has not been as good as expected, and the prospects are worrying. The economic environment has also stagnated, is deeply stuck, and even worse. In recent years, Hong Kong’s political instability has led to a massive loss of talent. 

After the occupation in 2014 and the anti-revision movement in 2019, Hong Kong people were panicked and were not optimistic about the prospects. Many young people were more worried about their freedom and chose to leave the country. 

The decline of Hong Kong’s economic status has not only caused talent and funds to leave, it has also discouraged foreign professionals, leading to a “talent shortage”. 

CHAN, Nap Kee Joseph, is chairman of the Hong Kong listed company Kaisun Energy and is currently studying the “Master of Social Sciences (International Relations in the Belt and Road Countries)” at the Belt and Road Institute of Zhuhai University.  There are many business contacts in the countries along the route. His work experience in recent years has made him deeply feel that Hong Kong is seriously lacking talents who are proficient in the history, language and social sciences of the countries along the route. Among them, language training is particularly inadequate and can only rely on foreign talents.

If possible, I would like to give priority to hiring Hong Kong people as translators. My company has a lot of business with countries around Russia, so it often has to write official documents. However, official documents cannot only be in English. You need to write an official document in the local language.

The biggest problem in hiring locals as translators is that they may not fully understand what we want, but we can’t find local linguistic talents in Hong Kong.

In the end, translating a simple document and communicating with each other took several times longer than it should.

Faced with such a dilemma, the “Belt and Road” initiative may be able to break the stalemate. Mr Chan, said frankly that the “Belt and Road” is conducive to the construction of a more comprehensive physical network. The flow of goods and talent can be greatly accelerated, and the difference between talent and capabilities will be more obvious.  Capable people will use the “Belt and Road” and use China as a springboard to look at the world. 

But for those who are stagnating day after day, low-innovation and low-value-added job opportunities will disappear, and the job search space will become more and more compressed.

Therefore, for Hong Kong, which has suffered from a “talent shortage” in recent years, the “Belt and Road” initiative is both a crisis and an opportunity. If you continue to stand still, emerging countries may threaten Hong Kong’s economic status soon.  But if you think about it, perhaps Hong Kong can take this opportunity to win the battle and regain its leading position in the Asian economy. The key to Xiazhong lies in whether Hong Kong can cultivate the corresponding talent.

by Joshua J. Cotten

According Mr Chan, Hong Kong has the greatest potential in the development of the “Belt and Road” in finance and language. It should reorganize its talent strategy and higher education curriculum training as soon as possible to promote Hong Kong to get rid of its dependence on the British and American systems. 

Perhaps the “Belt and Road” initiative is not only an unprecedented challenge for Hong Kong, but also an answer as to how this territory can recreate its glory and shine in the world.

Source: hk01.com.

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